WODENTRADEMARK

Brief history of The Steel Nut & Joseph Hampton Ltd. and Woden Tools Ltd.



earlysteelnuttrademark


Trade mark from an early catalogue


 The Beginning:


 Joseph Hampton was a maker of lifting jacks, copying presses,  ratchet drill braces, carpenters bench screws, flooring cramps, and  pipe wrenches etc., at the Kings Hill Works, Wednesbury  Staffordshire, in1868. 1)

 Joseph Hampton, The Younger, was applying for tool patents on  behalf of The Company between 1894 and 1898.2)
 
   
 The Steel Nut Company was a manufacturer in Franchise Street,  Kings Hill, Wednesbury in 1896. 3)

 In 1900, Kelly’s Staffordshire lists the The Steel Nut & Joseph  Hampton Ltd. Woden Works Franchise Street, Wednesbury, Staffs.

 Early 20th Century:

 In 1914,  Whitakers Red Book lists the Tool Department as a speciality of  The Company, making vices, cramps and other Joiners and Engineers
 tools 4).

 The Company also had a Steel Department and Foundry, being well placed  and equipped to manufacture all the parts required for the making of hand  tools.
The hand tool speciality of the Company was a relatively small  operation within the overall product range of metal castings, nuts & bolts  and related steel products

 There is now some excellent information about The Company on various  established internet sites and for more details of the history of The Steel Nut  & Joseph Hampton Ltd. (SNJH) and The Woden Factory, the reader may to  refer to the pages of the following sites:-

Local history of Wenesbury and The Steel Nut & Joseph Hampton Ltd

Local history of Darlaston and The Woden factory

Grace's Guide



steelnutand josephhamptonnutsandbolts

Early advertising

wodencaatalogue

1946 Interim Catalogue

wodenworksnineteenfiftyone

From 1951 Catalogue

1930's 40's and 50's:

 With The Companys approval as an Air Ministry supplier;
 producing  finished metal components to Admiralty specifications;  iron and  non-ferrous metal castings for the Marine Industry; it is  likely that it  was heavily involved in production for the war effort  between 1939  and 1945.


 As in the First World War, this could have included munitions. It is  likely that hand tool production was restricted to that required by  essential users only and pre-war lines were not generally available  to tool shops.

 After WWII, like other tool manufacturers, The Company struggled
 to return to normal production due to labour, fuel and material  shortages, among other reasons, as noted in the introduction to the  1946 Interim Catalogue.
Similar notes were promulgated by other  tool manufacturers in the immediate post war period.

  In 1951, with the publication of catalogue 52, The Company  announced improved production from its re-built Woden factory.

 Woden branded tools were available from tool shops, but The  Company did not advertise direct to amateur woodworkers until  1953. Throughout 1953, an advertisement featured the No.189  pattern woodworking vice plus steel sash and T-bar cramps.

 A newly introducted line of metal handplanes was advertised from  February 1954 and a wider variety of tools from 1955.

 1956 saw the introduction of several new lines of joiners cramps  and it was about this time that the widest range of tools was on  offer. In addition to planes, there were several patterns of sash,  veneer and G-cramps; six woodworkers vices; and about a dozen  engineers or pipe vices .

 Towards the end of the 1950's. and early 60's., new tool patterns  were aimed at the DIY market and some were made using die cast  alloy.

 Despite selling some excellent and competitively priced tool lines,  Woden Tools Ltd. was taken over by Record in early 1961.

 The parent company (Steel Nut & Joseph Hampton Ltd.),  continued with its iron & steel core products business until 1965  when it was acquired by F H Tomkins (Holdings) Ltd.

 Plane Making:

 Hand plane manufacture did not commence until late 1953 or early 1954  after the takeover of W.S Manufacturing of Birmingham around 1952 4)

 In the early 1950’s, the British tool making industry continued to be  re-generated following the 1939-45 war years. The demand for hand
 tools following the war had to be satisfied and it was a boom time for  manufacturers.

 Export and educational supply contracts were particularly lucrative but,
 unlike Record and Stanley, SNJH did not have an educational
 department or a complete line up of tools (no planes) to be able to bid
 for or fulfil many of these contracts.

 The takeover of W.S provided The Company with the opportunity to
 expand its tool lines at the right time and substantiate its reputation as
 a volume tool supplier to The Ministry of Supply.

 In the rebuilt Woden factory, SNJH had all the resources – foundry, steel  stock, machine shops, testing house etc., to expand and, for their  contribution to the war effort, may have had Government assistance to do  so.

 SNJH took time to tool up for plane manufacture and market products
 with a much improved finish to earlier examples.

 The first plane for sale, The Woden W78, was first advertised in early
 1954. Then came the W4, W5, larger sized planes and two block planes.

 Following the takeover of Woden Tools Ltd., plane assembly and
 manufacture was transferred to Sheffield. Hand plane making of the
 Woden brand continued until about mid.1965.




  
Pattern number Description
 
W78 Improved Duplex Rebate and Fillister Plane,
1-1/2 inch Cutter
W4* Smoothing Plane, 2 inch Cutter
W4-1/2* Smoothing Plane, 2-3/8 inch Cutter
W5* Jack Plane, 2 inch Cutter
W5-1/2* Jack Plane, 2-3/8 inch Cutter
W6* Fore Plane, 2-3/8 inch Cutter
W7* Jointer Plane, 2-3/8 inch Cutter
W110 Block Plane, non-adjustable,
1-5/8 inch Cutter
W130 Block Plane, double ended,
non-adjustable, 1-5/8 inch Cutter
 
 Until around 1963, corrugated sole versions* of numbers W4
 to W7 bench planes were also available.
 For catalogue and price list purposes, these had the suffix "C"
 added to the size number, for example W4C.

 
 Note, there was no number 03 or 08.
 This was quite a limited range compared to other makers.
 Comparing many examples with other makes shows that the
 brand quality and finish was high, necessary  to compete with
 established tool giants such as Stanley, Record and Marples.


The Woden line-up of planes



wodenxtwosixtyvice

Woden X260 TITAN Vice c.1957

wodentrademarknineteenfiftyseven

Trade Mark, 1957

 Woden Tools Ltd:

 Woden Tools Ltd. was set up in early 1957 6) to manage the
 hand tool speciality
of the company, but still traded from  Wednesbury.
 Several new lines of tools were introduced around this time,
 notably  the patented Deacon tail slide sash cramps and two  patterns of  corner cramp (see diary of events).

 Also, from examining many examples
of Woden tools, including  planes, it is evident that parts started to be sourced from external  suppliers. Some tools from other manufacturers appeared in the  catalogues, so Woden Tools Ltd. was also acting as a tool factor or  distributor.

  Plane manufacture continued at Wednesbury until around April  1961, when Woden Tools Ltd., was taken over by C&J Hampton  Ltd. (Record), of Sheffield.

 Record  acquired Woden Tools Ltd., (Woden) in early 1961.
 Other  than for the purposes of removing competition, the  circumstances of  the takeover are not known at this time. Record  were known to be  particularly acquisitive during the 1960’s, and  other lesser known  tool brands were acquired in addition to  Woden.

 A letter from Woden dated 11thApril 1961 informed The Trade that  production of Woden tools was being switched to Sheffield.

 For several years, Woden issued catalogues and price lists which  included the line up of planes acquired from SNJH. The catalogues  used the same illustrations and were published by the same  company which SNJH had used,  but following the takeover, planes  were assembled using a mixture of original SNJH and Record  specified parts.

 Gradually, all Woden parts were to Record specifications. The  planes were sold in the U.K. and abroad until dis-continued around  mid. 1965.

 Other Woden brand tools continue to be sold until the late 1960's.,  after which the brand was no longer available. Some former Woden
 tools were re-numbered and were sold under the Record brand.

 Diary of Events:

 Whilst the Woden hand plane is the main interest on this site, the  manufacture of other excellent Woden hand tools cannot be ignored.

 With this in mind, the following diary of events has been compiled,
 relating to the manufacture and supply of hand tools throughout the history
 of Woden Tools, but concentrating on Post War production.


 The diary and the other notes which follow could not have been compiled  without reference to the archives at The Hawley Collection in Sheffield. 
 Thanks to Mr Ken Hawley M.B.E. and his volunteer Staff, for permitting  access to these records and permitting some images to be copied.

 Other references are noted at the foot of this document. 5)

ebonizingdescription

From 1938 catalogue


wodentoolsnineteenfiftythree

Woden tools 1953

wodentoolsnineteenfiftyfive


Woden tools 1955





.

 
wodentoolsnineteenthrityeight

From 1938 catalogue
 
 1898
Amalgamation with Joseph Hampton, Toolmaker, of  Wednesbury, Staffs.

 1914 Specialist Tool Division, making vices, cramps, Joiners and  Engineers tools 4)

 1920 and 1927 Illustrated catalogues of Engineers and Joiners  Tools issued.

 1937 GB and USA Patents granted for “Improvements relating to  vices” 
 Woden “Ideal Action” Engineers and Woodworkers vices in  production; Stand at British Industries Fair, Birmingham 4).

 1938 Ebonising introduced as a protective finished on steel parts.

 1939 Supplier to The Admiralty, War Office, Air Ministry and  Aviation Industry; Woden Ideal Action and Heavy Steel vices  supplied to factories
.
 
 1946 Hand tool manufacture resumes; Interim Catalogue 51 issued 

 1951 Re-built Woden Factory in production; Catalogue 52 issued.

 1952 Acquires W.S. Manufacturing, Birmingham, maker of hand  planes and other tools; Booklet No. 52c issued.

 1953 GB Patent granted  “Improvements in quick release vices”
 Woden  Ideal Quick Action Woodworkers vices  No’s 189/1/2/3 in  production; Booklet 52c re-issued.

 1954 Introduces Woden rebate, bench and block planes; Booklet  No. 52d issued.

 1955 Booklet/Catalogue 52E issued;

 1956 Catalogue No. 52E re-issued; No. 126 14 inch G-cramp  available; “Tower Jack” and lever available; Catalogue No. 56  issued; Introduces Woden 114 and 115 steel sash cramps with  patented Deacon tail slide; New corner cramps C800 and C801  available; Improved range of lifting jacks available;

 1957 Forms wholly owned Company, Woden Tools  Ltd;
 Catalogue No. 57 issued;
 X251 machine vice introduced; X260  Titan vice introduced; Introduces Woden No. 116 light T-bar cramp  with Deacon tail slide, in 7 sizes; Bench holdfast range revised to  three sizes and re-numbered X110, X111 and X112, sold with  bench collars included; Provisionally patented A120 and A122  Technical Woodworker’s quick action vices Introduced;
 Floor cramps geared patterns 142B and 143B dis-continued;
 Commenced selling some lines of un-catalogued (factored) tools  via representatives, WRA Forge Tools- stillsons, wrenches &  fencing tools.

 1958 Catalogue No. 58 issued;
  Further GB800885 patent granted “Improvements in or relating to  vices” (for A120/A122); Introduces pushpin I (X170); No. 95  machine vice dis-continued.

 1959 No 189 woodworkers vice discontinued.

 1960       Catalogue No. 60 issued; 
 X180 QUIKSAW introduced; Larger sized pushpin II (X171)  introduced; Introduces Woden wallplugs in a range of sizes
 (Z106 to  Z114);
A120 and A122 woodworkers vices dis-continued  and  replaced with the A130 rapid action Woodworker’s vice  incorporating the American Wilton patent, (GB819506);

 1961 X190 dowelling Jig introduced; X172 Tack introduced;
  Woden Tools Ltd. Taken over by C &JHampton Ltd. (Record  
 Tools)  of Sheffield 7);
Catalogue No.60 re-issued.

 1962       Catalogue Cat.30 issued.

 1964       Catalogue Cat.30 re- issued;
 A130 rapid action woodworkers vice re-designated X130;
 Introduces  Z300 corrucut, a patented (GB937955) rebating
 and grooving attachment for power drills.

 1966       Catalogue Cat.31 issued, no hand planes listed.
 
 1967
       Catalogue Cat.31 re-issued.

 
 1968
       Catalogues WF.1 (thrice) and W1 issued.


 1969       (01 September) Last known reference to Woden Tools
 in price list HPL15 (Cats. 31 and W1).


 Patents:

 Between 1894 and 1958, Joseph Hampton and the Steel Nut
 Company applied for and were granted a number of British (GB)
 and overseas Patents (US and CA) relating to tools. 2)
A selection of
 those Patents relating to hand tools for Woodworkers, which may still be
 in use today or found in collections, are noted here:-


 GB189412753A    “Improvements in flooring and mitre cramps” to
 Joseph Hampton 20-04-1895:

 Relates to the basic design for what became known as the Woden
 No. 213 Mitre Cramp, in production between 1894 and 1951.


 GB189415465A
“Improvements in Bench Cramps” to
 Joseph Hampton 24-05-1895:

  Relates to the basic design and forerunner of the Woden Bench Holdfast,
 in production until the 1960’s.

 GB190213411A “Improvements in Carpenters Bench Stops” to
 The Steel Nut & Joseph Hampton (SNJH), 19-03-1903:

 Describes a “pop-up” type of Bench or planing stop controlled by
 an adjustable screw. The Woden No. 219 of this design was in
 production up until the beginning of WWII.

 GB190625134A “Improvements in Vices” to SNJH 22-08-1907:
 Relates to improvements in woodworkers quick release vices which
 were known then as ‘Instantaneous Vices’.


 GB462834A
“Improvements to an relating to vices”and
 US2102602 “Vise” to SNJH on 17-03-1937 and 21-12-1937 respectively:

 Relate to quick release vices of the Woden “Ideal Action” type.
 This was one of the first vices whereby the front jaw could be moved
 when detached from the screw, without pressing a trigger or releasing
 a spring.
 Applied to Woden No.186 and No.99 Fitters Vices and
 No.189 Woodworkers Vice.

 GB697238A and CA509322  “Improvements in quick release vices”
 to SNJH 16-09-1953 and 18-01-1955 respectively.

 SNJH/Woden appears to have had problems in the manufacture of
 “Ideal Action” vices and this Patent covered improvements to the
 vices themselves and the manufacturing process. Quite why
 this application was necessary is unknown, other than that the
 original 1937 Patent may have expired and other makers were planning
 to introduce a similar pattern of vice (see below).    

 Applied to Woden No. 189 Vice (4 sizes); The earlier Fitters Vices
 with this action were dis-continued some time earlier.

 GB800885 “Improvements in or relating to vices” to SNJH 03-09-1958:
 Further improvements to the Ideal Action quick release woodworkers vice,  applicable to new vices No. A120 and A122. In July 1957 (HPL8),
 Woden offered the 189 Ideal Action and the provisionally
 patented Technical Woodworkers (A120 and A122) vices at the
 same time.

 At about the same time, an American Company, Wilton
 Tool Manufacturing, applied for and were granted a Patent (GB819506)
 on 02-09-1959.
This Patent described a similar principle to the
 Woden Ideal Action but also related to machine vices and cramps.
 This may have been superior or easier to manufacture than the
 SNJH patent, as the A120/A122 vices were soon dropped in favour of
 the A130 which used the American Wilton patent.
 Hence the final ‘flagship’ vice was the Woden A130 rapid action in the late 1950’s.

 Production was continued into the 1960’s by Record-Woden (RW)
 with the tool re-named the X130 Rapid Action woodworkers vice.
 Known as the Wilton Patent, the Patented Nut was manufactured under  licence by Woden Tools Ltd.
    
 GB937955(A) "Improvements relating to rotary grooving tools"
 To Firth Cleveland Tools, Wolverhampton on 25-09-1963.
 This patent applied to the 16-segment blade in the Z2300 CORRUCUT,
 a grooving and rebating attachment for electric drills,
  introduced  by Woden in 1964.
quickactionvicenineteenthirtyeight

Patented Mechanics Vice, 1938

deacontailslidepatent

Deacon Tail Slide patent, 1956

1922softbackcatalogue

Soft cover catalogue, 1922

1951abridgedlist

Abridged List, 1951

cat57

Catalogue format 1952 to 1961

cat301962

Catalogue format 1962 to 1967


 CATALOGUES AND PRICE LISTS:

 The earliest known Woden catalogue is in the Hawley
 Collection at Sheffield. 8)
 “Illustrated Catalogue of Engineers and Joiners Tools” 1920.
 The format of  the catalogues varied over time from hard
 to soft backed.  In addition, a number of small pictorial covered
 pocket catalogues (Abridged Lists), were issued for distribution
 by national tool dealers, for example Buck & Hickman Ltd.
 A list of the known published catalogues is as follows:-
 
 1920 Illustrated Catalogue of Engineers and Joiners Tools,
 black hardback, 43 pages;
 
 1922 Illustrated Catalogue of Engineers and Joiners Tools -
 available as a small booklet in landscape format with a buff
 cover, 43 pages. This is the earliest known soft cover catalogue.
 
 1927 Illustrated Catalogue of Engineers and Joiners Tools,
 black hardback, 77 pages;
 
 1938 (September) Abridged List No. 51, grey, green and blue
 soft cover, 48 pages;

 Later post war Woden Tools catalogues were hard-backed A5 sized 
 books, either black or blue covered, with a price list contained
 in a pocket at the back,.
 
 1946 Interim Catalogue No. 51, black, 77 pages;

 1951 Catalogue No. 52, dark blue cover, 66 pages;

 After 1951, Engineers and Joiners tools were presented in small
 brown or light blue card backed booklets (catalogues) as follows:-
 
 1951 Abridged Pocket List No. 51, grey, green and blue cover;
       
 1952 Booklet 52c, about 8 x 5 inches, brown cover, 50 pages;

 1953 Booklet 52c re-issued, blue cover, 50 pages;

 1954 Booklet 52d, same size as 52c, blue cover; 52 pages.
 (The first catalogue to include hand planes);

 1955 Booklet 52E, as 52d., blue cover;

 1956 (before 23rd April), Catalogue No. 52E* re-issued, blue cover ;
 Catalogue No. 56, blue cover, 60 pages;

 1957 Catalogue No. 57, blue cover, 60 pages;

 1958 Catalogue No. 58, blue cover;
 
 1960 Catalogue No. 60, blue cover;
 (The last original SNJH/Woden Tools catalogue), 60 pages.
 
 Note:    SNJH catalogues were only dated by the year.
 Price lists have specific dates (see below).
 
 1961       Catalogue No. 60, blue cover, 60 pages;
 SNJH catalogue used by Record (Woden) with red lettered
 new address label on the front, later replaced by Cat. 30;

 1962       Catalogue No. 30 issued,
 yellow and black cover, 59 pages;

 1964       (pre 24/07/64) Catalogue No. 30 re- issued;

 1966       (May) Catalogue No. 31 issued;
 yellow and black cover, no hand planes listed, 47 pages;

 1967       Catalogue Cat.31 (1967 Ed.) re-issued, 47 pages;

 From 1968, in common with Record, Woden catalogues
 and price lists were printed in a loose leaf A4 sized format
.

 1968       (Jan) Catalogue W1, Woden and Fabrex Tools, 4 pages;

                (April & June) WF.1 Woden and Fabrex Tools;

                Catalogue WF.1, Woden and Fabrex (11/68), 4 pages.
 
 Catalogues from April 1961 were issued by Woden Tools Ltd., Sheffield.
 All Woden Catalogues before 1968 were printed by Joseph Wones Ltd.,
 West Bromwich.


latecataloguecolours

Revised brand mark and colours on 1968 catalogues

From 1954 to 1961, pre-takeover by Record, the range of tools offered did not vary significantly.  The Diary of Events attempts to note the introduction of new tools and innovations in chronological order.

 
 Price lists were prefixed with “H” (Home Trade) or “E” (Export, Net) followed by
 a number in consecutive order.  Spare Parts Lists (S.P.L.) being published
 from time to time.

 
 Price lists known to have been published viz.
 
 Date                             Price List                 Refers to catalogue number/(notes):
 
 16th September 1948   E.T.L.3
 29/1/1951                     H.P.L.1                           52
 22/10/1951                   H.P.L.2 (Revised)          52
 
 23 May 1955                HPL4A                           52,52C and 52D
 23 May 1955                H.P.L. 5A                       52, 52c, 52d and 52E
                                        (change of telephone number plus price revisions)

 23rd April 1956             H.P.L. 6A                       52, 52C, 52D and 52E
                                      S.P.L. 6A               (probably the last SNJH price lists)
 1st FEB 1957               HPL7                   (probably the first Woden Tools Ltd.
                                           price list; included factored lines for the first time).

                                                  
 14th July 1957               H.P.L.8               (Plane price increases)
 08 April 1959                HPL 9                                     
 30th June 1960             H.P.L.10 and
                                      E.P.L.10    

 
 12th April 1961              HPL11                 All previous catalogues
 1st May 1961                 EPL11                                   
 2nd March 1964            HPL12
 9th March 1964             EPL12
 18th April 1966              HPL13
 2nd May 1966                EPL13
 1st March 1968             HPL14 and
                                      EPL14

 November 1968            WF1/PL68                   WF.1
 1st September 1969     HPL15                          Cat. 31 and W1
 
 Nb.         Booklet and Catalogue have the same meaning.
 
Price lists from 12th April 1961 were issued by Woden Tools Ltd., Sheffield.
 
 Other Record export documents/price lists in The Hawley Collection:
               
 1962                              EPL (Italian)        (Lists full range of Woden planes)
 02/1963                         EPL (German)     (Lists full range of Woden planes)
 05/1967                         EPL (German)       (Only lists X260 Titan Vice;
                                                                   X251 Drill Vice; M130/1/2/3 Engineers
                                                           Vices; X180 Quicksaw and 2300 Corrucut).

 1968                              EPL (Italian)                      (Only lists M130/1/2/3 Vices).
 1968                              EPL (Portuguese)                (Lists NO Woden tools).
 1968                              EPL (Finnish)                       (Lists NO Woden tools).
 1968 (cat. 3/68)            W1 (Dutch)                           Same as W1 above
 01/09/1969               Record Export List XNP12        (Lists NO Woden tools).
hpl5a

Price List example;
Some later Woden Tools lists were printed in red ink.

hpl11

HPL11 from Woden Tools Ltd., Sheffield

 
In addition to the manufacturers catalogues and price lists, which were primarily for the benefit of tool dealers, Woden tools were advertised in woodworking periodicals such as ‘The Woodworker’. The tools were also catalogued by large tool dealers such as S Tyzack and
Parry's  Ltd.,  who also advertised in ‘The Woodworker’. Most National Association of Tool Dealers (N.A.T.D.) member catalogues listed the planes and other Woden tools.

tyzackad1960

Advertisement including Woden W78 rebate plane, C800 corner cramp and 153 bench screw



Note: In this and later pages of this study, the terms SNJH/Woden and Record-Woden  are used to differentiate between ownership and manufacture of Woden Tools  Ltd. -  SNJH/Woden (WW) up to April 1961, and Record-Woden (RW),  from 11th April 1961.

Woden Tools and Workshop Guides:

Around 1956, WW introduced several additional lines and its catalogue of Joiners and Engineering tools extended to 60 pages.  Early in 1957, a new company, Woden Tools Ltd., was set up to manage the tool making part (formerly the ‘Speciality’) of the parent company.
This could have been because the tool making operation had grown and was successful. Indeed, Representatives promoting tools were employed in sales operations.   Or, it could have been that it was an accounting move and Woden Tools Ltd. would be expected to be successful, stand alone and be profitable.  Some tool manufacture was outsourced, noted by re-numbering of existing entries and new entries given an “X” or “V” prefix. Outsourcing also applied to plane parts such as bodies and frogs, noted by the change/inclusion
of casting marks and numbers.

 
At about this time, newly introduced Woden tools appeared to have a Do-it-Yourself (D.I.Y.) theme, in keeping with the public hobby, gaining in momentum. Around 1959, Woden Tools published an informatory leaflet “Equip your Workshop with Woden Tools”, reference 590.
This 12-page leaflet showed the range of (woodworking) tools available to craftsmen and home enthusiasts.


A later 31-page publication (publication 600 from around 1960) entitled “Building up a Woden Workshop”, expanded this theme.  Written with the help of notable woodworking writer Mr Charles Hayward, this publication included reproductions of woodworking joints from “The Woodworker Workshop Folder” and the use of Woden tools for cramping, dowelling etc.

RW continued with this theme post April 1961 with publication 600/2 and the revised instructions included with tools displayed other examples of Woden branded tools.

extractfromdoc600/2backofquicksawinstructions

 Above, back of tool instructions c.1963

 Left, extract from "Building up a Woden Workshop"
 publication 600/2 c.1962

wodenbrandpost1962

Predominant colours found in catalogues and tool instructions
 from 1962

Takeover notes:

As mentioned earlier, the circumstances of the Record takeover are not known at this time.  Woden made very good quality tools and were
in competition with Record for most patterns. Both brands were in the shadow of Stanley, the market leader, particularly with regard to planes. In January 1959, Record introduced the 0778 rebate plane, similar but not an exact copy of the Woden W78, which was not patented - (the W78 being an improved W.S A78).  Woden also made a wide range of engineers and woodworkers vices, sash and G-cramps, in direct competition with Record and other Sheffield companies.  In taking over Woden, Record removed the only competition for its 0778 plane which went on to outsell its own 078 and Stanley 78 planes and also to become the dominant supplier of vices and cramps. They also acquired other patented lines such as Wilton patented quick action vice and  the Deacon tail slide sash cramps.
These excellent cramps continued to be sold into the late 1960's.


A question might be asked  “Why would a large plane manufacturer like Record, with a comprehensive line up, continue to make and sell the Woden brand which it had just acquired”?  One explanation could be that the brand had a strong export market which Record was keen to continue.  Evidence of post 1961 Woden plane manufacture and Record literature indicates that the majority of these examples were sent overseas.  To date, only a few examples have been found in the United Kingdom.
 
Fabrex Tools was a Record acquired budget or D.I.Y. Brand, but they did not make planes. Perhaps Record viewed the Woden Brand as complementary to Fabrex, separate from its established Brand.

We are still working on the RW period (1961 to end of production) and will update and/or include new information as it is acquired.
Please see the 'About Us' page and get in touch if you can help.

References:

  1).       Kelly’s Staffordshire, 1868, Mr L. Harrison, England;
  2).       Espace.net Online patents database;
  3).       Kelly’s Staffordshire, 1896, Mr L. Harrison, England;
 
4).       Grace’s Guide
 
5).       Woden Trade Mark Tools, catalogues & booklets No. 51 to 60., dated 1946 to 1960;
 
6).       Price List HPL7, dated 1st February 1957;
 
7).       Letter from Woden Tools Ltd. to Tool Dealers, dated 11th April 1961; a copy is in the Hawley Collection;
 
8).       From research so far with reference to archives in the Hawley Collection. 


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